A few months ago I explored the relationship between health outcomes and explanatory style in 200 executives, including 119 men and 81 women from the main companies in Peru. I divided the executives into two groups based on the Seligman’s Attributional Style Questionnaire: those with predominately optimistic explanatory styles and those with predominately pessimistic explanatory styles. Then I looked at the way their explanatory styles related to two variables of health.
“I have to work” can sound like “I have a requirement to work,” but it also indicates the opportunity to work. Lucky you! You get to work! If you are unemployed and looking for a new job, the search process may set up pessimistic thinking patterns that can lead to future unhappiness. The good news is that Positive Psychology research can help you practice more optimistic thought patterns that help you deal resiliently with current reality.