None of the other walkers, runners or bike riders greets me with, “Gorgeous day, isn’t it?” Even the usually perky Puggle dog on my block sits quietly on his front steps among the first colored leaves that have fallen from a hundred year-old maple tree. Its ancient roots push up through the stone fence at the edge of the property. Just the same, I feel pleasantly filled up by the beautiful things I see, hear, smell, and feel around me.Appreciation of Beauty in Action
It may be possible to take this same walk every day and not experience anything new and uplifting. But because I have the strength of Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence, I cannot help but notice everything from the bees buzzing in to find their place in the huge flowers of the butterfly bush to the smell of fall on the breeze to the easiness of the stride of the runner who has just passed me. In the now overgrown front garden of the next house along my walk is a tall stalk with several green milkweed pods not yet ready to pop open. Food for next year’s gorgeous Monarch butterflies, I imagine.
Continuing along my usual route I come to the bank parking lot where the damp wind is blowing the scent of “eau de dumpster” my way. I pick my pace up to a jog. Another quarter of a mile down the road an antique house has the windows boarded up. A developer has uprooted all of the trees and scraped off the grass and topsoil from the property. Not long ago two families lived here with their small children and dogs. I watched them water the potted plants on stone front steps that are now missing.“Who let them do this?” I ask myself with my beauty and excellence voice.
As with all strengths, Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence feels natural and right to the person who has it. I know that I have this strength because things that are not either beautiful or excellent (admittedly to me) push this strengths button. I remember to say to myself, “I’m having a B and E moment” when I start to feel the “ick” of disgust (the opposite of elevation) rising within me. I even have a friend who shares the strength with me, and we regularly text each other with pictures or commentary about our moments.
Sources of Awe and Wonder
As a strength, Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence is more than just our preferences in dumpster location or local property development. According to Peterson and Seligman’s Character Strengths and Virtues, Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence is “the human tendency to feel powerful self-transcendent emotions.” Awe, wonder, and elevation are elicited by the perception and contemplation of beauty and excellence.Imagine an awe-inspiring double rainbow against an angry grey sky. Any uplifting sensory experience can lead to these transcendent emotions.
An additional way to consider Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence is to think of the pleasurable openness and awe we feel when enjoying the highly developed skills and virtues of others. This awe may be experienced in the incredible “Wow!” of watching a basketball free-throw shot go through the net without even touching the rim or the seemingly impossible leap of the soccer goalkeeper making a save.
It could be the almost dumbstruck quality we feel after watching a film that has elicited so much emotion that we have nothing to say about it at first.
It could be the wonder we feel when reading an author’s clarity of thought presented in a few artfully chosen words.
It could be the deep admiration we feel when hearing someone thank the firefighter who rescued people and pets from a brightly burning building.A Heart Strength
Unlike a more cognitive strength like curiosity, Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence has a strong set of emotions connected to it. You know that you have this strength because you feel it strongly, not just because you think, “Isn’t that lovely? I wonder who created it?” It is more than astonishment.
Researchers including Ekman and Keltner have identified certain bodily responses and facial expressions such as wide-open eyes, an open mouth, goose bumps, tears, and a lump in the throat that typically accompany beauty and excellence experiences. Emmons and McCullough have found that after an elevating experience of beauty and excellence, a sense of grateful admiration wells up.
In addition to things like music, art, architecture, sport, and nature, religious and spiritual experiences are often connected to Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence. This strength is a pathway for moral and spiritual advancement. A sense of the power of the divine is intimately connected with awe. The profound gratitude one feels for both the beauties of creation and the powers of the natural world are evidence of this strength.
Transcending Fear and Other BenefitsSome people might be scared by a thunderstorm while others might be awed. In those moments, the person with the strength of Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence is able to transcend ego and instead be moved to an awareness of the vastness and amazement that the world has to offer. Time slows down. In such moments a person may feel drawn to future opportunities for using the strength.
Developing the strength of Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence gives us some added bonuses. We are more likely to feel expansive, positive, and grateful. We can savor enjoyment without feeling a need to do anything right then. Any compelling action tendencies may be delayed. As we know from Fredrickson, positive emotions broaden the possible scope of action. Those positive emotions also build a range of psychological resources. In addition, Haidt has found that elevation mediates ethical behavior. When we demonstrate elevating behavior, people that follow our actions are more likely to exhibit interpersonal fairness and self-sacrifice.
An Example of Beauty and Excellence
I believe that the late Chris Peterson had the strength of Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence. When I was a graduate student at Penn he was my teacher and advisor. I remember hearing about the city’s MuralArtsProgram from him on a chilly walk through Philadelphia while he pointed out his favorite paintings. This is their mission statement:
WE BELIEVE ART IGNITES CHANGE.
We create art with others to transform places, individuals, communities and institutions. Through this work, we establish new standards of excellence in the practice of public and contemporary art.
Our process empowers artists to be change agents, stimulates dialogue about critical issues, and builds bridges of connection and understanding.
Our work is created in service of a larger movement that values equity, fairness and progress across all of society.
We listen with empathetic ears to understand the aspirations of our partners and participants. And through beautiful collaborative art, we provide people with the inspiration and tools to seize their own future.
That feeling you now have? It is elevation, courtesy of Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence.
Editor’s Note: Sherri’s articles on Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence was commissioned for the Positive Psychology News book, Character Strengths Matter.
Algoe, S. B. & Haidt, J. (2009). Witnessing excellence in action: The ‘‘other-praising’’ emotions of elevation, gratitude, and admiration. Journal of Positive Psychology. 4: 105–127.
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Fredrickson, B.L. (2004). Gratitude (like other positive emotions) broadens and builds. In R.A. Emmons & M.E. McCullough (Eds.), The Psychology of Gratitude (Series in Affective Science) (pp. 145-166). Oxford University Press.
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Photo Credit: via Compfight with Creative Commons licenses
Foggy Day courtesy of Nicholas Erwin
Butterfly bush courtesy of The Marmot
Boarded up house courtesy of contemplative imaging
Double rainbow courtesy of Rob!
Soccer save courtesy of Anthony Gattine [www.AnthonyGattine.com]
Lightning courtesy of Owen Zammit
Bless you, Sherri, for a blog that tugged at my soul. It also made my heart sing and my eyes glisten. This is my top strength, too. At first I thought I was shallow to have Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence #1. Then it hit me no matter how stressed I was, I could pause and see the beauty of life everywhere, especially in looking at my office paintings, all beach scenes reminding me of my Delaware upbringing.
You were so fortunate to have Chris Peterson as a mentor and professor. I think of him so very often and appreciate the opportunity to have met him at a MentorCoach (MCP) conference and take classes from him at MCP as well. I bet you still feel his artfulness and humble charm. He was a unique treat.
Your blog is one I will go back to again and again. It IS Beauty!
“Awe”…thanks, Judy. So glad that you liked this. It is good to remember that not all good PP interventions are discovered in a lab 🙂
Thanks, Sherrie. This lab of life is our kaleidoscope of kool!
Really? You thought having Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence made you shallow?
Your comment reminds me of a discussion I had with a law student who had this strength high in her list and thought it totally irrelevant to a career in law. Really? Being able to see, appreciate, and communicate appreciation for the quality work of the people around you is irrelevant? How about the contribution it makes to your social capital, creating connections that may grease the skids in tough places? How about the fact that the support staff, who can always give lawyers the slow roll and make it harder to get work done, feel seen and acknowledged by you? I know you could go on with this list I’ve started.
Hi, Kathryn, and appreciate your response. I am with you. Before Hector was a pup, and I knew nothing about the VIA, I took the survey. I DID think I was shallow. I thought other strengths were more noble. Like Bravery of Perspective and Courage. But I learned! Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence has been my salvation during rocky times.
I am also a Gratitude junkie. I see them go hand-in-hand along with Ability to Love and Be Loved, too, and many more strengths interconnecting. At least for me. After I took courses with Chris Peterson, Robert Bisas-Dienor, and Ryan Niemiec, I was elevated. Love the creativity of strengths spotting, constellations, and naming your own personalized strengths. I use strengths with every client. Powerful, fun and illuminating!
I just love this Sherri. Thank you so much for creating it and sharing. It is a terrific article. One of my preoccupations is the Scottish enlightenment when philosophers like Hume, Smith and Ferguson grappled with how to make sense of the world in the absence of a belief in God. From where does our original of beauty and virtue come if not from some divine being? Marty has described these, and especially Ferguson, as the first positive psychologists. Even this week Steve Watson of the Campaign for the Arts has personal contact with the infinite that art can inspire. Wonderful Sherri.
Brilliant post, Angus. I am glad you mentioned the Scottish influence.
It saddens me in the USA, so many school programs diminish or delete, God forbid, the art programs and other creative arts. Superfluous? Bull! We know with neuro-science how important brain development is all the way around, not just for academics, yet to the straight-laced cognitive folks, “We have no time for this non-essential…” makes me cringe. Art broadens my world and puts me in a sense of awe many times a day. And even in my dreams!
Meaning for me often stems form art and getting into the flow of it. Joyful! Thanks, again, Angus.
You gave me goosebumps, Sherri:)
How can we add “beauty and excellence” value to our communities outside of schools, Judy? Schools feel overwhelmed with the responsibilities they have (protecting children from violence is often more pressing that learning about what is beautiful) and asking for more or different is often a hard sell. I am working with a community well-being initiative in Australia and this considers schools to be only one place for building well-being.
Good point, Sherri. I don’t see this as adding more to a schools agenda. I see strengths as a way of living. to educate teachers how to live their OWN BEST SELF lives so they can learn to make the language of education one reflecting strengths and values.. Kids will pick up the language. I used to teach special ed kids. And was a school psychologist, too. I understand the burden to have so many agendas, but we can LIVE pos psych and they will assimilate it.
Judy, I wholeheartedly agree! People who learn to use their strengths in new ways are lastingly higher well-being. It helps to connect the world to yourself by being yourself 🙂
Thanks, Beth! Your sense of humor is showing, too 🙂
Thanks so very much Sherri and all. I am off to India and Nepal for 3 weeks and do a keynote in New Delhi on revving up relationships the pos psych way! I shall miss you. You bet I will suck up the Beauty and Excellence like a hummingbird on a nectar mission! Be well.