Emiliya Zhivotovskaya, MAPP '07, is the founder of Flourish, an organization dedicated to using research based tools to enable individuals and organizations to flourish. Emiliya fuses the best of Eastern philosophy with Western science to provide people with holistic tools to increase their happiness, well-being, and sense of flourishing. Full bio.
Emiliya's articles are here.
When Did I Become Serious?Something happens to many people when they hit adulthood. Life becomes serious. It loses that lightness and freedom it had during childhood. It is a choice (conscious or unconscious) that adults make based on how they interpret what happens to them and the actions they take. Laughter is a powerful way to bring that lightness of being back into one’s life.
My client came into the office. He had a hard week and was feeling pretty depressed. As our coaching session began, his energy shifted, he got more centered and he started to feel a little better. In came Buddy, a 9.5 pound Domestic Short Hair Black Tuxedo Cat with an affinity for paper balls and slight repugnance for catnip. Buddy planted his rump on my client’s lap and his paws on his chest. My client lightened up, and began to smile. The cuteness was hard to bear, and he burst into laughter as Buddy commenced his mid-afternoon cleaning, taking extra care between his toes.In just a few minutes, my client mood had "done a 180." (We’re considering putting Buddy on the payroll). There are numerous studies listing the health benefits of interactions with pets , however you can experience the benefits my client got, without the need to add another member to your family.
Buddy enabled my client to laugh a little. He came in taking himself extremely seriously. Not to say that the state of his reality was not serious business, but as Barbara Fredrickson has taught us, it can be hard to be creative and think outside the box with regard to career changes when you are in a negative rut. Buddy helped jolt him out of his woes, long enough for us to come up with action steps to support him in his journey. The benefit of laughter has been well documented and is great news for people with pet allergies.
The touted health benefits of laughter have increased dramatically over the years: we’ve all heard “laughter is the best medicine.” Whether or not it is the “best” is questionable. It is difficult to isolate laughter as the sole originator of these benefits (Martin, 2001). However research shows laughter’s positive effect on:
- Immune system function (McClelland & Cheriff, 1997)
- Pain tolerance (Nevo, Keinan & Teshimovsky-Arditi, 1993)
- Blood pressure (White & Camarena, 1989)
- Longevity (Rotton, 1992)
- Asthma and Allergies (Kimata, 2004)
Am I Laughing Or Just Having a Great Time?
Martin points out that humor and laughter are different, and a few studies have showed contradictory correlations between humor and longevity and blood pressure.
A recent study showed that watching a funny film decreased cortisol, adrenaline and DOPAC, before, during and after watching the film. This means that simply anticipating something funny happening can decrease your experience of stress.
Two Top-10 Lists for Laughter and PlayLaughter Yoga is a powerful movement where people all over the world are congregating to laugh and play together. Dr. Madan Kataria lists 10 Reasons for Doing Laughter Yoga :
- Laughter is a stress buster: it reduces epinephrine and cortisol levels.
- Laughter strengthens the immune system: it increases natural killer cells and antibody levels
- Laughter is anti-aging: It tones facial muscles, increases blood supply to the face, nourishing tissues and making the skin glow.
- Laughter is aerobic exercise: It increases your heart rate and is equivalent to any other standard aerobic exercise. William Fry, MD, from Standford University claims that one minute of laughter is equal to 10 minutes of rowing.
- Laughter is internal jogging: Exercises abdominal muscles, improves facial muscle tone.
- Laughter is a natural pain killer: It increases endorphin production, reducing intensity of pain.
- Laughter helps control high blood pressure: Reduces release of stress-related hormones.
- Laughter reduces depression and anxiety.
- Laughter improves bronchitis and asthma: It increases lung capacity and oxygen levels.
- LAUGHTER JUST MAKES YOU FEEL GOOD!!!
Laughter yoga started in 1995 and has since spread to over 6,000 laughter clubs in over 60 countries . In laughter yoga, people don’t tell jokes. They don’t play reruns of I Love Lucy , but they sure have fun. They laugh and do laughter exercises. They make sounds like “Ho Ho Ha Ha Ha,” laugh like three-year-olds and eighty-year-olds. They pretend to be have hysterical conversations on their cell phones, and greet each other as long-lost friends with laughter. In essence, they are playing.
Here are 10 Benefits of Play for Adults by Marianne St. Clair:
- Play inspires you to think differently
- Brings more joy into your life
- Reduces stress
- Increases longevity
- Reduces struggle, conflict and worry
- Increases ones sense of lightness
- Stimulates imagination, curiosity and creativity
- Softens and eases the heart
- Enhances energy levels
- Provides the opportunity to take risks.
How Does Laughter Work?
It is unclear what the magic formula is for why laughter works the way it does. Rod Martin (2002), psychologist and laughter specialist from the University of Western Ontario, suggests four possibilities:
- Laughter creates physiological changes in the body, such as exercising and relaxing the muscles which sets off a chain reaction of health benefits (improved breathing, which leads to improved circulation and production of endorphins, leading to decreased stress hormone and enhanced immunity.
- Laugher induces a positive state and it’s the positive affect that has produces the benefit.
- Laughter reduces stress which in turn causes all sorts of health benefits.
- People with a good sense of humor may get more social support from others wanting to be around them.
There is no stronger recommendation I can make to adults in how to increase their happiness then learning to not take themselves so seriously. Adding more play, joy and laughter into one’s life doesn’t mean you can’t function, pay your bills, or care for your family.
Laughter is an expression of joy. It’s a universal and sacred expression that is the same in every language. My laughter yoga trainer challenged us to "laugh for no reason" everyday. I challenge you to do the same. You’re looking at this computer screen right now… laugh out loud. Your colleagues in the office will think you’re reading a funny e-mail. Go ahead give it a try! Bring some lightness into your life.
Kimata, K (2004). Pediatric Asthma, Allergy & Immunology, 17(2): 131-135.
Martin, R.A. (2001). Humor, laughter, and physical health: Methodological issues and research findings. Psychological Bulletin , 127, 504-519.
Martin, R. A. (2002). Is laughter the best medicine?: Humor, laughter, and physical health. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 216-220.
McClelland, D.C., & Cheriff, A.D. (1997). The immunoenhancing effects of humor on secretory IgA and resistance to respiratory infections. Psychology and Health, 12, 329-344.
Nevo, O., Keinan, G., & Teshimovsky-Arditi, M. (1993). Humor and pain tolerance. Humor: Internation Journal of Humor Research, 6,71-88.
Rotton, J. (1992). Trait humor and longevity: Do comics have the last laugh? Health Psychology, 11, 262-266.
White, S., & Camarena, P. (1989). Laughter as a stress reducer in small groups. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 2, 73-79.
Courtesy of Emiliya Zhivotovskaya