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Positive Psychologists on Positive Psychology (Book Review)

By on April 26, 2012 – 1:09 pm  13 Comments

Bridget Grenville-Cleave, MAPP graduate of the University of East London, is a UK-based positive psychology consultant, trainer and writer. She is author of Introducing Positive Psychology: A Practical Guide (2012), and The Happiness Equation with Dr Ilona Boniwell. She regularly facilitates school well-being programs and Positive Psychology Masterclasses for personal and professional development. Find her on LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter @BridgetGC. Website. Full bio. Her articles are here.



Aaron Jarden has written a 130-page e-book, Positive Psychologists on Positive Psychology that explores topics that all positive psychologists, experienced or novice, researcher or practitioner, will find interesting.

Not only does the book provide answers to basic questions, such as “What is positive psychology?”, it also addresses more challenging ones, such as

  • When, where and how did positive psychology develop? The answers to this one are a great lesson in how to do change management effectively, by the way.
     
  • Who is doing cutting edge positive psychology research?
     
  • Where is the field heading in the next five years?
     
  • What kinds of positive psychology research are being applied in the real world?

The Usual Suspects?

The book consists of the transcripts of interviews which Aaron Jarden carried out with thirteen positive psychologists between July and October 2011, one chapter per person. If you’re not well versed in positive psychology, you will not have heard of all of them. In my view, that’s not a weakness but a great strength – it gives us diversity and breadth we wouldn’t otherwise have and (if I can paraphrase Todd Kashdan) it’s important because there’s a great deal more to positive psychology than what you usually hear about in media-friendly sound-bites about positive emotions, strengths, and gratitude.

R. Vallerand M. Steger A. Linley T. Kashdan
S. Lyubomirsky A. Parks R. Niemiec N. Marks
B. Fredrickson I. Boniwell E. Diener D. Quinlan
M. Csikszentmihalyi

Dr Aaron Jarden

Aaron Jarden

About the Author

Dr Aaron Jarden is a senior lecturer in psychology at the Open Polytechnic of New Zealand and president of the New Zealand Association of Positive Psychology (NZAPP). He is also lead investigator of the International Well-being Study, co-editor of the International Journal of Well-being and director of GROW International. Aaron Jarden describes his goals as “complete understanding of human well-being, why it is as it is, and how it can be improved.” With this pedigree I’m sure I’m not the only reader who wishes he’d also provided answers to the questions he put to the other positive psychologists in the book.

Working on the coal face

Audience

Positive Psychologists on Positive Psychology has been written primarily for those who are new to positive psychology or are thinking of entering the field. I think it’s a great resource for that purpose. Hearing what positive psychology means to the experts who are right there, working at the coal face every day, is invaluable. But even if you’re a relatively old hand in the positive psychology world, this book has much to offer.

You get a lot of personal insights which you wouldn’t otherwise hear. It’s well-balanced. The downsides are spelled out too, including emerging concerns that research is being applied too quickly, and even misapplied. Acacia Parks suggests testing the effectiveness of positive psychology books written for the general public against non-science based ‘quackery’ such as The Secret. All this is useful material for those of us who’ve been working in the field on an applied basis.

Common Questions

  1. What are the distinctive features of positive psychology?

    A simple question for experts to answer, you might think! We get three different types of response. Some refer to the importance of positive psychology’s scientific grounding, and its focus on the positive and on optimal human functioning. Others refer to a clear split between research and application. The third group answers in terms of specific positive psychology content, such as strengths and positive emotions.

    If you’re an experienced positive psychologist, how would you answer this question?

  2. Acacia Parks

  3. What are some of the most valid criticisms of positive psychology?

    In the early days of positive psychology our old friend, optimism, took most of the flak. Now the loudest criticisms focus on the speed and manner in which positive psychology is making its way into practice, and the way it’s communicated. According to Acacia Parks, “…in some ways we’re not as careful as we could be about the sound bites we release into the ether, or about maintaining the integrity of those sound bites so that they are accurate.” Nic Marks supports this: “There have been far too many claims made far too quickly about certain interventions. …We need to be able to communicate things better…”

    A further criticism concerns cultural applicability. Nic Marks disputes any claim that positive psychology interventions are universally applicable. Todd Kashdan goes deeper and refers to the overriding importance of the situational context of research and applications. While there’s a lot to be learned from positive psychology’s strengths, there is much we can learn from its weaknesses.

  4. Michael Steger

  5. What are some of positive psychology’s achievements?

    There’s consistency here in the thrust of responses. They revolve around how positive psychology is communicated and disseminated, for example Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi mentions getting the subject of positive human activity to be taken seriously, Sonja Lyubomirsky mentions gaining traction within the wider field of psychology, Michael Steger mentions gaining traction in other disciplines, Barbara Fredrickson mentions getting it on the public radar, and Csikszentmihalyi mentions creating a vocabulary.

    What is evident from reading this book is that the positive psychology field is so much wider than strengths and positive emotions, although these dominate because they make good sound-bites. The book suggests that we need to work harder to raise awareness about the importance to well-being of other, less glamorous, topics such as meaning, mindfulness, self-regulation, and time perspectives.

Why should you read this book?

The aim of the book is to enrich our understanding of positive psychology as it currently stands. It succeeds very well, but it does much, much more. It provides the inside track on what positive psychology experts really think about positive psychology, where positive psychology is going next, what are the hot topics for the next five years, who are the upcoming positive psychology researchers to watch, as well as giving valuable advice for aspiring positive psychology researchers and practitioners.

Ilona Boniwell

If that wasn’t enough, you get to hear from the horse’s mouth about new developments, such as the direction of the International Positive Psychology Association (IPPA) from the new president, Robert Vallerand and the University of East London’s MAPP program from the course director, Ilona Boniwell.

If you want to find out more then you’re going to have to read the book!

Recommendation

This book is original, it’s a quick and easy read, it provides inside information but at the same time challenges your understanding of what positive psychology is, how to apply it and how it’s developing. The concept is very straightforward – transcripts of thirteen personal interviews with an assortment of positive psychology experts on their favorite topic – but don’t let that simplicity fool you.

The only real downside is that the book (like most others) is biased in favor of a traditional western perspective. All of those interviewed are from, have been educated in, or work primarily in, USA, Canada, the UK, and New Zealand. It’s true that the cultural weakness of positive psychology as it stands is raised several times. I do wonder whether the presence of more European and eastern researchers and practitioners would have enhanced the book.

While you’d expect a lot of agreement, there’s sufficient diversity in the knowledge and opinions to ensure that you can’t just take everything as read. You have to assess it yourself, assimilate it and make up your own mind. That, I think, is the power of a good book. This one gives you a foundation on which to craft your own positive psychology path. I wish it had been available when I did my MAPP program in 2007. I highly recommend it.

Where can you buy it?

Positive Psychologists on Positive Psychology is currently available as a Kindle download for $3 (less than the price of a cup of coffee) for the next month or so. After that is will be available via the International Journal of Well-being as a special edition for free.

All profits (100%) raised from this book go to the
International Journal of Wellbeing
to further wellbeing research.

Stop-press 1: Positive Psychologists on Positive Psychology is being translated into Spanish and Czech, and there are plans for Chinese, Russian, and Portuguese translations in the pipeline.

Stop-press 2: Aaron Jarden is already working on another edition, featuring different positive psychologists, which will bring a cultural dimension to the discussion.


Images
Images of contributors have been taken from their personal or professional web sites. Click on the pictures to learn more about them.

Working on the coal face courtesy of Thiophene_Guy

13 Comments »

  • Judy Krings says:

    I recently bought this fun and informative book. I couldn’t believe the price. My ipad was jumping for joy. What a service to all of Positive Psychology learners and lovers. Enriching, novel, entertaining, and enlightening, and almost free! This book needs a home on your e-reader, too, right NOW! You deserve it. Jarden’s little book will knock your socks off. So relax and go with the FLOW!

  • oz says:

    Bridget – does the book cover the conflicts of interest that are seem to be part of positive psychology. Many of the gurus seem to generate substantial personal income by promoting (and sometimes extrapolating) their research. Think books, consultancies, speaking gigs and spin off companies.

    Medicine has got itself into all sorts of compromised research because of such conflicts – I’m not sure why psychology would be any different. Positive psychology has more scope for such conflicts because of the inherent public interest in the topic.

    Of all the gurus, Chris Peterson is one of the few that doesn’t seem to have a conflict – he stay very firmly in the academic space.

    Any thoughts??

  • oz says:

    Judy – its way to hard to describe. The starting point is to start doing a body scan when good things happen and notice the associated physical sensations – I call it kinaesthetic savouring.

  • Judy Krings says:

    Thanks, Oz, and I get the idea. Love your term “kinaesthetic savouring”. Many thanks. I am going to practice this.

  • Bridget says:

    Hi Oz

    In a word no! The most controversial you get is 1) Nic Marks saying “counting your blessings is great, but it’s not going to be an intervention that saves the world, and gratitude letters are not going to either. Also claims of universality across all cultures, when they’re quite culturally specific, have been a problem” (pp76-77); and 2) Todd Kashdan saying “Right now, the field of positive psychology is a bit too harmonious” (p15).

    As far as I know they’re both still alive and kicking :)

    Joking aside, there is some discussion about the research/application interface but it’s not particularly hard-hitting.

    I probably would have read the book even if it had been all the Usual Suspects, but I was pleasantly surprised to see lesser known pos psychs on the interview list; Aaron Jarden deserves credit for this.

    Since he’s planning to write a second, why not get in touch and make some suggestions about who he could interview?

    Bridget

  • Judy Krings says:

    Love your creativity and positivity, Bridget. As a practitioner and not a researcher, it is fun, fascinating, mind-boggling, and super good learning to read comments of extremely serious minded researchers who love this field so much and want to get it “right”. The diversity of opinions and ideas is wonderfully generative. I look at this book and many others with a “Will it help me and my clients succeed? What will their take away be?”

    I enjoy reading, and am in awe of how specific, creative, and exact researchers need to be re: design, implementation, writing skills, etc. Let alone their need for tough band of courage when reviews come in. Special people.

  • Oz,
    I know of a number of doctors, many MD/PhD, who practice and conduct research. If they learn from their research, I don’t feel it’s a conflict of interest to share what they learn. If I did, then I’d be free to select another doctor who doesn’t do research.

    As for Nic Marks, he presented the 5 ways to wellbeing at the 2009 IPPA conference:

    Connect
    Be active
    Take notice
    Keep learning
    Give

    There is a set of postcards that was put together to communicate these ideas to the general public (order here. There’s also a free download of the evidence. Once again, caveat emptor! I doubt if most of the people who have seen the postcards have read the report, but it’s there. It’s also usually there — in the notes, references — in the books that people publish (OK Bridget, yours is online.)

    Kathryn

  • Amanda Horne says:

    Bridget

    Thank you for bringing this book to our attention. I’m thrilled to know that Aaron has created this book and that another is on it’s way. I met Aaron at a conference four years ago, and have bumped into him again at various conferences. Two of his stand-out strengths that are immediately observable are humility and generosity.

    Amanda

  • Amanda Horne says:

    This time with typos corrected (!) and a question about the e-book

    Bridget

    Thank you for bringing this book to our attention. I’m thrilled to know that Aaron has created this book and that another is on its way. I met Aaron at a conference four years ago, and have bumped into him again at various conferences. Two of his stand-out strengths that are immediately observable are humility and generosity.

    Will there be an e-book version for those who have e-readers which are not Kindle?

    Amanda

  • oz says:

    Hi Kathryn

    Here is a typical guideline re conflict of interest in medical research?

    We suggest that university-based investigators and research staff be prohibited from holding stock, stock options, or decision-making positions in a company that may reasonably appear to be affected by the results of their clinical research.

    Do you still think there is no conflic of interest in PP?

  • Bridget says:

    Hi Judy

    Thanks for your comments.

    Yes I also think that diversity of opinion is a good thing – from a learning perspective it forces you to think deeply. In my relatively limited exposure to the positive psychology world (I was not in it at the start as many of the interviewees in this book were), I think there is generally too much ‘accepting at face value’ and not enough ‘serious questionning’ going on. Whether this is because of the sound-bite nature of positive psychology I don’t know.

    For me the value is much more in opening up a conversation with people so they can explore it for themselves.

    Bridget

  • Bridget says:

    Hi Kathryn

    Thanks for reminding us of nef’s 5 Ways to Wellbeing, the mental health equivalent of our ’5 a day fruit & veg’ message.

    I really like the 5 Ways – evidence based, but general enough to allow people to find their own path. The way they’re written mean that most people who read them probably wouldn’t say ‘So show me the evidence’ anyway.

    Bridget

  • Bridget says:

    Hi Amanda

    Well, after you mentioned the typo of course I had to go and look!! I wouldn’t have noticed otherwise :)

    The book will be published as a free version through the International Journal of Well-being http://www.internationaljournalofwellbeing.org on 23rd May – not long to wait if you haven’t got your copy yet!

    Bridget

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